Etude de marché des projets d’hydroélectricité en RDC

Market research of Hydroelectricity projects in the DRC

Studio di mercato – Progetti Idro-elettrici nella Repubblica Democratica del Congo

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Secteur de l’énergie électrique en République Démocratique du Congo

Préambule................................................................................................................................5

Introduction.............................................................................................................................6

Chap.I Energie hydroélectrique...........................................................................................11 

I.0. Généralités sur la République Démocratique du Congo.............................................................11
I.1. Centrales hydroélectriques...........................................................................................................12
I.1.1. Intérêts........................................................................................................................................ 12
I.1.2. Caractéristiques de quelques cours d’eau en RDC ....................................................................12

I.2. Développement de quelques centrales hydroélectriques congolaises..........................................13
I.2.1. Caractéristique du bassin du fleuve Congo..................................................................................13
I.2.2 Puissance installée de quelques centrales hydroélectriques en RDC...........................................14

Chap.II Projets de construction de centrales hydroélectriques .......................................16

II.1. Projet “Grand Inga” pour approvisionner l’Afrique et l’Europe en énergie électrique..........16
II.1.1. Contexte.....................................................................................................................................16
II.1.2. Projet de construction de la centrale hydroélectrique Grand Inga.............................................16
II.1.3. Identification de potentiels financiers et d’acheteurs de la production du Grand Inga.............17
II.1.4. Financements et institutions financières de la centrale hydroélectrique Grand Inga.................18
II.1.5. Opportunités pour les PME autour de la construction du Grand Inga.......................................19

II.2. Centrale hydroélectrique d’Inga III...........................................................................................20
II.2.1. Contexte.....................................................................................................................................21
II.2.2. Financement du projet de construction d’Inga III.....................................................................22

II.3. Centrale hydroélectrique de Zongo II........................................................................................23
II.3.1. Localisation...............................................................................................................................23
II.3.2. Capacité de production..............................................................................................................23
II.3.3. Financement de la Centrale de Zongo II....................................................................................24

II.4. Centrale hydroélectrique de Katende..........................................................................................25
II.4.1. Localisation et objectif du projet...............................................................................................25
II.4.2. Attribution du marché de construction de la Centrale de Katende.............................................25
II.4.3. Opportunités d’affaires pour PME des secteurs connexes.........................................................25

II.5. Centrale hydroélectrique de Kakobola.......................................................................................26
II.5.1. Localisation du projet et caractéristiques du site ......................................................................26
II.5.2. Attribution du marché de construction du site de Kakobola......................................................26
II.5.3. Opportunités d’affaires pour PME des secteurs connexes à l’énergie ......................................26

II.6. Centrale hydroélectrique de Ruzizi III.......................................................................................27
II.6.1. Localisation et potentiel énergétique du projet de Ruzizi III....................................................27
II.6.2. Financements et institutions financières pour la centrale de Ruzizi III.....................................27
II.6.3. Opportunités pour les PME des secteurs non énergétiques ......................................................28


Chap.III. Fonctionnement d’une centrale hydroélectrique ..............................................29

III.1. Principe de fonctionnement d’une Centrale hydroélectrique..................................................29

III.2. Composantes d’une Centrale hydroélectrique..........................................................................30

III.3. Turbines hydroélectriques.........................................................................................................31
III.3.1. Types de turbines hydroélectriques .........................................................................................31
III.3.2. Choix d’une turbine hydroélectrique........................................................................................33

III.4. Conduite forcée..........................................................................................................................34

III.5 Alternateurs.................................................................................................................................35

Chap.IV. Attraction d’investissements dans le secteur de l’hydroélectricité en RDC.....36

IV.1. Anecdote......................................................................................................................................36

IV.2.Introduction.................................................................................................................................37
IV.2.1. Définition du BOT....................................................................................................................37
IV.2.2. Historique du BOT....................................................................................................................38
IV.2.3. Implication de différents acteurs dans un projet BOT..............................................................38

IV.3. Financement d’infrastructures énergétiques en RDC..............................................................39
IV.3.1. Choix des projets à proposer pour un financement privé selon le modèle BOT......................39
IV.3.2. Etude de causalité entre la croissance économique et la demande énergétique.......................40
A. Approche méthodologique...................................................................................................40
B. Causalité dans le secteur tertiaire.........................................................................................41
C. Causalité dans un secteur secondaire: mines........................................................................41
IV.3.3. Exemple de choix des projets solvables dans le secteur de l’énergie.......................................43
IV.3.4. Synergie Production minière – Production de l’électricité en RDC.........................................44
IV.3.5. Présence d’Opérateurs  privés dans la production, le transport, la distribution et 
la commercialisation de l’électricité.........................................................................................45

Chap.V. Conclusion ..............................................................................................................46



Market research of Hydroelectricity projects in the DRC

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Preamble

Introduction

 

Chap.I Hydroelectric energy                                                                                           11

 

 I.0. General Information on the Democratic Republic of Congo                                         11

 

 I.1. Hydroelectric Power Plants                                                                                       12

 I.1.1. Interests                                                                                                                12

 I.1.2. Characteristics of some rivers in the DRC                                                               12

 

 I.2. Development of some Congolese hydroelectric power plants                                     13

 I.2.1. Characteristics of the Congo River basin                                                                 13

 I.2.2 Installed power of some hydroelectric power plants in the DRC                                 14

 

Chap.II Hydroelectric power plant projects                                                                     16

 

 II.1. “Grand Inga” project for electric energy supply for Africa and Europe                         16

 II.1.1. Context                                                                                                                16

 II.1.2. Construction project                                                                                              16

 II.1.3. Identification of funders and purchasers for Grand Inga                                          17

 II.1.4. Financing and financial institutions for Grand Inga hydroelectric power plant            18

 II.1.5. SME opportunities connected with the Grand Inga construction                               19

 

 II.2. Inga III hydroelectric power plant                                                                               20

 II.2.1. Context                                                                                                                21

 II.2.2. Financing Inga III project                                                                                        22

 

 II.3. Zongo II hydroelectric power plant                                                                            23

 II.3.1. Localization                                                                                                          23

 II.3.2. Production capacity                                                                                              23

 II.3.3. Financing Zongo II power plant                                                                              24

 

 II.4. Katende hydroelectric power plant                                                                            25

 II.4.1. Localization and project objective                                                                         25

 II.4.2. Market attribution for the construction of Katende power plant                                25

 II.4.3. Related sector SME business opportunities                                                           25

 

 II.5. Kakobola hydroelectric power plant                                                                          26

 II.5.1. Project localization and site characteristics                                                             26

 II.5.2. Market attribution for Kakobola site construction                                                    26

 II.5.3. Energy SME business opportunities                                                                      26

 

 II.6. Ruzizi III hydroelectric power plant                                                                             27

 II.6.1. Localization and energetic potentials of Ruzizi III project                                          27

 II.6.2. Financing and financial institutions for Ruzizi III hydroelectric power plant                 27

 II.6.3. Non-energetic sector SME opportunities                                                                28

 

 

Chap.III. How does a hydroelectric power plant work?                                                   29

 

 III.1. Operating principle                                                                                                  29

 

 III.2. Hydroelectric power plant components                                                                     30

 

 III.3. Hydroelectric turbines                                                                                              31

 III.3.1. Kinds of hydroelectric turbines                                                                              31

 III.3.2. Choice of a hydroelectric turbine                                                                           33

 

 III.4. Pressure pipe                                                                                                         34

 

 III.5 Alternators                                                                                                               35

 

Chap.IV.Investment attraction for the hydroelectric sector in the DRC                            36

 

 IV.1. Anecdote                                                                                                               36

 

 IV.2. Introduction                                                                                                            37

 IV.2.1. BOT definition                                                                                                     37

 IV.2.2. BOT history                                                                                                         38

 IV.2.3. Actors implication in a BOT project                                                                      38

 

 IV.3. Energetic infrastructures financing in the DRC                                                          39

 IV.3.1. Choice of the projects to be proposed for private financing according to the BOT model          39

 IV.3.2. Causality study between economic growth and energy demand                             40

 A. Methodological approach                                                                               40

 B. Causality in the tertiary sector                                                                         41

 C. Causality in the secondary sector: mining                                                        41

 IV.3.3. Choice example for profitable projects in the energetic sector                               43

 IV.3.4. Synergy between Mining production and electricity production in the DRC              44

 IV.3.5. Presence of private operators in electricity production, transmission, distribution and commercialization            45

 

Chap.V. Conclusion                                                                                                       46

 

Studio di mercato – Progetti Idro-elettrici nella Repubblica Democratica del Congo

Traduzione italiana del contenuto non disponibile

 

Preambulo

 

Introduzione

 

Chap.I Energia idro-elettrica                                                                                          11

 

 I.0. Generalità sulla Repubblica Democratica del Congo                                                   11

 

 I.1. Centrali idroelettrici                                                                                                   12

 I.1.1. Interessi                                                                                                                12

 I.1.2. Caratteristiche di alcuni corsi d’acqua nella RDC                                                      12

 

 I.2. Sviluppo di alcune centrali idroelettriche congolesi                                                     13

 I.2.1. Caratteristiche del bacino del fiume Congo                                                             13

 I.2.2.Potenza installata di alcune centrali idroelettriche nella RDC                                      14

 

Chap.II Progetti di costruzione di centrali idroelettriche                                                16

 

 II.1. Il progetto “Grand Inga” per alimentare l’Africa e l’Europa in energia elettrica               16

 II.1.1. Contesto                                                                                                              16

 II.1.2. Progetto di costruzione della centrale idroelettrica “Grand Inga”                               16

 II.1.3. Identificazione di finanziatori potenziali e consumitori della produzione del “Grand Inga”   17

 II.1.4. Finanziamenti e istituzioni finanziarie della centrale idroelettrica “Grand Inga”             18

 II.1.5. Opportunità per PME intorno a costruzione del “Grand Inga”                                    19

 

 II.2. Centrale idroelettrica di Inga III                                                                                  20

 II.2.1. Contesto                                                                                                              21

 II.2.2. Finananziamento del progetto Inga III                                                                     22

 

 II.3. Centrale idroelettrica di Zongo II                                                                               23

 II.3.1. Localizzazione                                                                                                       23

 II.3.2. Capacità di produzione                                                                                          23

 II.3.3. Finanziamento della Centrale di Zongo II                                                                 24

 

 II.4. Centrale idroelettrica di Katende                                                                               25

 II.4.1. Localizzazione e obbiettivo del progetto                                                                25

 II.4.2. Attribuzione del mercato di costruzione della Centrale di Katende                            25

 II.4.3. Opportunità di affari per PME di settori connessi                                                    25

 

 II.5. Centrale idroelettrica di Kakobola                                                                             26

 II.5.1. Localizzazione del progetto e caratteristiche del sito                                               26

 II.5.2. Attribuzione del mercato di costruzione del sito di Kakobola                                   26

 II.5.3. Opportunità di affari per PME dei settori connessi all’energia                                  26

 

 II.6. Centrale idroelettrica diRuzizi III                                                                                 27

 II.6.1. Localizzazione e potenziale energetico del progetto di Ruzizi III                                27

 II.6.2. Finanziamenti e istituzioni finanziarie per la centrale di Ruzizi III                                27

 II.6.3. Opportunità per le PME dei settori non-energetici                                                   28

 

 

Chap.III. Funanzionamento di una centrale idrielettrica                                                 29

 

 III.1. Principio di funzionamento di una centrale idroelettrica                                              29

 

 III.2. Componenti di una Centrale idroelettrica                                                                   30

 

 III.3. Turbine idroelettriche                                                                                               31

 III.3.1. Tipi di turbine idroelettriche                                                                                   31

 III.3.2. Scelta di una turbine idroelettrica                                                                           33

 

 III.4. Condotta forzata                                                                                                     34

 

 III.5 Alternatori                                                                                                                35

 

Chap.IV. Attrazione di investimenti nel settore idroelettrico nella RDC                           36

 

 IV.1. Aneddotto                                                                                                             36

 

 IV.2. Introduzione                                                                                                           37

 IV.2.1. Definizione di BOT                                                                                               37

 IV.2.2. Istorico di BOT                                                                                                    38

 IV.2.3. Implicazione di diversi attori all’internoi di un progetto BOT                                   38

 

 IV.3. Finanziamento di infrastrutture energetiche nella RDC                                               39

 IV.3.1. Scelta di progetti a proporre per un finanziamento privato secondo il modello BOT 39

 IV.3.2. Studio di causalità fra crescita economica e domanda energetica                          40

 A. Approccio metodologico                                                                                           40

 B. Causalità nel settore terziario                                                                                      41

 C. Causalità nel settore secondario: mine                                                                        41

 IV.3.3. Exempio di scelta di progetti rentabili nel settore energetico                                  43

 IV.3.4. Sinergie Produzione mineraria – Produzione di energia elettrica nella RDC              44

 IV.3.5. Presenza di Operatori privati in produzione, trasporto, distribuzione e comercializzazione di energia elettricica    45

 

Chap.V. Concluzione                                                                                                     46

 

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